Forest Fire in the American Southwest
Resources
The problemAnalysisSolutionsResourcesHot topicsLatest news
   
On-line
Books
Current research
Multi-media
Conferences, workshops and other meetings
 
Home
Index
Site map
Search this site

Journal articles and other published resources

Allen, Craig D. et al. 2002. Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems: A Broad Perspective. Ecological Applications 12(5): 1418 – 1433. Available online at http://www.swfa.org/doc%20files/Allen_SWRestoration.pdf

Arno, Stephen F. 1980. Forest fire history in the Northern Rockies. Journal of Forestry 78(8): 460-465.

Arno, Stephen F. 1988. Fire ecology and its management implications in ponderosa pine forests. In: Baumgartner, David M.; Lotan, James E., compilers. Ponderosa pine: The species and its management: Symposium proceedings; 1987 September 29 - October 1; Spokane, WA. Pullman, WA: Washington State University, Cooperative Extension: 133-139.

Arno, Stephen F. 1996. The concept: restoring ecological structure and process in ponderosa pine forests. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration: A general session at the annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1995 4-16 September; Seattle, WA. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 37-38.

Arno, Stephen F. 2000. Fire in western forest ecosystems. In: Brown, James K.; Smith, Jane Kapler, eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on flora. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 97-120. Available online at http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/rmrs_gtr42_2a.pdf 5/23/03.

Arno, Stephen F.; Gruell, George E. 1983. Fire history at the forest-grassland ecotone in southwestern Montana. Journal of Range Management 36(3): 332-336.

Arno, Stephen F.; Harrington, Michael G. 1995. Use thinning and fire to improve forest health and wildlife habitat. Tree Farmer May/June: 6-8, 23.

Arno, Stephen F.; Harrington, Michael G.; Fiedler, Carl E.; Carlson, Clinton E. 1995. Restoring fire-dependent ponderosa pine forests in western Montana. Restoration and Management Notes 13(1): 32-36.

Arno, Stephen F.; Wilson, Andrew E. 1986. Dating past fires in curlleaf mountain-mahogany communities. Journal of Range Management 39(3): 241-243.

Aulenbach, Steve; O'Shea-Stone, Maureen. 1983. Bird utilization of a ponderosa pine forest after a fire. Colorado Field Ornithologists' Journal 17(1): 14-19.

Baker, W.L. and D. Ehle. 2001. Uncertainty in surface-fire history: The case of ponderosa pine forests in the western United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31: 1205-1226.

Baisan, Christopher H.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1990. Fire history on a desert mountain range: Rincon Mountain Wilderness, Arizona, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20: 1559-1569.

Bennett, Peter S.; Kunzmann, Michael R. 1992. The applicability of generalized fire prescriptions to burning of Madrean evergreen forest and woodland. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 24-25: 79-84.

Biswell, Harold H.; Kallander, Harry R.; Komarek, Roy; [and others]. 1973. Ponderosa fire management. Misc. Publ. No. 2. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station. 49 p.

Blake, John G. 1982. Influence of fire and logging on nonbreeding bird communities of ponderosa pine forests. Journal of Wildlife Management 46(2): 404-415.

Bock, Carl E.; Bock, Jane H. 1983. Responses of birds and deer mice to prescribed burning in ponderosa pine. Journal of Wildlife Management 47(3): 836-840.

Bock, Jane H.; Bock, Carl E. 1984. Effects of fires on woody vegetation in the pine-grassland ecotone of the southern Black Hills. The American Midland Naturalist 112(1): 35-42.

Boucher, Paul F.; Moody, Ronald D. 1998. The historical role of fire and ecosystem management of fires: Gila National Forest, New Mexico. In: Pruden, Teresa L.; Brennan, Leonard A., eds. Fire in ecosystem management: shifting the paradigm from suppression to prescription: Proceedings, Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1996 May 7-10; Boise, ID. No. 20. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 374-379.

Bradley, Anne F.; Noste, Nonan V.; Fischer, William C. 1992. Fire ecology of forests and woodlands in Utah. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-287. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 128 p.

Brown, Peter M.; Kaufmann, Merrill R.; Shepperd, Wayne D. 1999. Long-term, landscape patterns of past fire events in a montane ponderosa pine forest of central Colorado. Landscape Ecology 14(6): 513-532.

Brown, Peter M.; Ryan, Michael G.; Andrews, Thomas G. 2000. Historical surface fire frequency in ponderosa pine stands in Research Natural Areas, Central Rocky Mountains and Black Hills, USA. Natural Areas Journal 20(2): 133-139.

Brown, Peter M.; Sieg, Carolyn H. 1999. Historical variability in fire at the ponderosa pine - Northern Great Plains prairie ecotone, southeastern Black Hills, South Dakota. Ecoscience 6(4): 539-547.

Buchanan, Hayle; Tolman, Joseph Mark. 1983. The pre-historic fire regime of the forests of Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah. In: Fire history of the forests of Bryce Canyon National Park, UT. Final Report to the National Park Service: Contract No. PX 1330-3-0161. 40 p. Unpublished manuscript on file with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT.

Campbell, R. E.; Baker, M. B., Jr.; Ffolliott, P. F.; [and others]. 1977. Wildfire effects on a ponderosa pine ecosystem: an Arizona case study. Res. Pap. RM-191. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p.

Carpenter, E.H., J.G. Taylor, H.J. Cortner, P.D. Gardner, M.J. Zwolinski, and T.C. Daniel. 1986. Targeting audiences and content for forest fire information programs. Journal of Environmental Education 17(3): 33 – 41.

Conner, R.C., J.D. Born, A.W. Green, and R.A. O'Brien. 1990. Forest resources of Arizona. USDA Forest Service Resource Bulletin INT-69.

Cooper, Charles F. 1960. Changes in vegetation, structure, and growth of southwestern pine forests since white settlement. Ecological Monographs 30(2): 129-164.

Cooper, Charles F. 1961. Pattern in ponderosa pine forests. Ecology 42(3): 493-499.

Covington, Wallace. 1996. Implementing adaptive ecosystem restoration in western long-needled pine forests. In: Covington, W. Wallace and P.K. Wagner, tech.l coord. Conference on adaptive ecosystem restoration and management: restoration of Cordilleran conifer landscapes of North America: Proceedings; 1996 June 6-8; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-278. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 44-48.

Covington, W. Wallace, P.Z. Fule, M.M. Moore, [and others]. 1997. Restoring ecosystem health in ponderosa pine forests of the Southwest. Journal of Forestry 95(4): 23-29.

Covington, W. Wallace and M.M. Moore. 1992. Postsettlement changes in natural fire regimes: implications for restoration of old-growth ponderosa pine forests. In: Kaufmann, Merrill R.; Moir, W. H. Moir, and R.L. Bassett, tech. coord.. Old-growth forests in the Southwest and Rocky Mountain regions: Proceedings of a workshop; 1992 March 9-13; Portal, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-213. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 81-99.

Covington, W. W., R. L. Everett, R. Steele, L. L. Irwin, T. A. Daer, and A. N. D. Auclair. 1994. Historical and anticipated changes in forest ecosystems of the Inland West of the United States. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 2:13–63.

Covington, W. Wallace and M.M. Moore. 1994. Southwestern ponderosa pine forest structure: Changes since Euro-American Settlement. Journal of Forestry 92:39-47.

Covington, W. Wallace and S.S. Sackett. 1984. The effect of a prescribed burn in Southwestern ponderosa pine on organic matter and nutrients in woody debris and forest floor. Forest Science 30(1): 183-192.

Daniel, T.C. 1988. Social/political obstacles and opportunities in prescribed fire management. Fort Collins, CO: USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Natural Resources General Technical Report.

Danzer, Shelley R.; Baisan, Chris H.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1996. The influence of fire and land-use history on stand dynamics in the Huachuca Mountains of southeastern Arizona. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 265-270.

Dahm, C. W., and B. W. Geils, technical editors. 1997. An assessment of forest ecosystem health in the Southwest. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-GTR-295.

Davis, James R.; Ffolliott, Peter F.; Clary, Warren P. 1968. A fire prescription for consuming ponderosa pine duff. Res. Note RM-115. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 4 p.

Dieterich, J. H.; Hibbert, A. R. 1990. Fire history in a small ponderosa pine stand surrounded by chaparral. In: Krammes, J. S., technical coordinator. Effects of fire management of southwestern natural resources: Proceedings of the symposium; 1988 November 15-17; Tucson, AZ. Gen, Tech, Rep. RM-191. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 168-173.

Dieterich, John H. 1979. Recovery potential of fire-damaged Southwestern ponderosa pine. Res. Note RM-379. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.

Dieterich, John H. 1980. Chimney Spring Forest fire history. Res. Pap. RM-220. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.

Dieterich, John H.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1984. Dendrochronology of a fire-scarred ponderosa pine. Forest Science 30: 238-247.

Eakle, T. W.; Wagle, R. F. 1979. Method of estimating ground fuels under two inches in diameter in southwestern ponderosa pine stands. Res. Note PNW-33. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 6 p.

Edminster, Carleton B.; Olsen, William K. 1996. Thinning as a tool in restoring and maintaining diverse structure in stands of southwestern ponderosa pine. In: Covington, Wallace; Wagner, Pamela K., technical coordinators. Conference on adaptive ecosystem restoration and management: restoration of Cordilleran conifer landscapes of North America: Proceedings; 1996 June 6-8; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-278. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 62-68.

Faces of Fire: Prevention, Suppression, and Prescribed Fire. 1996. Washington, DC, USDA Forest Service. Program Aid #1572. Available online at http://www.aviation.fs.fed.us/fam/FacesOfFire.htm 5/23/03.

Feeney, Shelly R.; Kolb, Thomas E.; Covington, W. Wallace; Wagner, Michael R. 1998. Influence of thinning and burning restoration treatments on presettlement ponderosa pines at the Gus Pearson Natural Area. Canadian Journal of Forestry 28: 1295-1306.

Ffolliott, Peter F.; Clary, Warren P.; Davis, James R. 1968. Some characteristics of the forest floor under ponderosa pine in Arizona. Research Note RM-127. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.

Ffolliott, P.F. and D.P. Guertin. 1990. Prescribed fire in Arizona ponderosa pine forests: a 24-year case study. In: Krammes, J.S., technical coordinator. Effects of Fire Management of Southwestern Natural Resources. General Technical Report RM-191. USDA Forest Service, , pp. 250-254.

Ffolliott, Peter F.; Clary, Warren P.; Larson, Frederic R. 1976. Fire: 11 years after. Progressive Agriculture in Arizona 28(1): 12-13.

Flint, H. R. 1925. Fire resistance of northern Rocky Mountain conifers. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Applied Forestry Note 61. Missoula, MT: Northern Rocky Mountain Forest Experiment Station. 5 p.

Ganey, Joseph L.; Block, William M.; Boucher, Paul F. 1996. Effects of fire on birds in Madrean forests and woodlands. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 146-154.

Gomez – Pompa, Arturo and Andrea Kaus. 1992. Taming the Wilderness Myth. Bioscience 42(4):271 – 279.

Gruell, George E. 1985. Fire on the early western landscape: an annotated record of wildland fire. Northwest Science 59(2): 97-107.

Haase, Sally M. 1986. Effect of prescribed burning on soil moisture and germination of southwestern ponderosa pine seed on basaltic soils. Res. Note RM-462. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 6 p.

Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. 1996. The use of fire in forest restoration: A general session at the annual meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1995 September 14-16; Seattle, WA. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 86 p. Some conference papers available online at http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/int_gtr341/ 5/23/03.

Harrington, M. G. 1985. The effects of spring, summer, and fall burning on Gambel oak in a southwestern ponderosa pine stand. Forest Science 31(1): 156-163.

Harrington, M. G. 1993. Predicting Pinus ponderosa mortality from dormant season and growing season injury. International Journal of Wildland Fire 3(2): 65-72.

Harrington, Michael G. 1986. Comparison of forest floor depth to loading relationships from several Arizona ponderosa pine stands. Res. Note RM-463. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 5 p.

Harrington, Michael G. 1987. Ponderosa pine mortality from spring, summer, and fall crown scorching. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 2: 14-16.

Harrington, Michael G. 1987. Predicting reduction of natural fuels by prescribed burning under ponderosa pine in southeastern Arizona. Res. Note RM-472. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 4 p.

Harrington, Michael G. 1996. Fall rates of prescribed fire-killed ponderosa pine. Res. Pap. INT-RP-489. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 7 p.

Harrington, Michael G. 1996. Prescribed fire applications: restoring ecological structure and process in ponderosa pine forests. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration: A general session of the Society for Ecological Restoration; 1995 September 14-16; Seattle, WA. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 41 p.

Harrington, Michael G.; Hawksworth, Frank G. 1990. Interactions of fire and dwarf mistletoe on mortality of southwestern ponderosa pine. In: Krammes, J. S., technical coordinator. Effects of fire management of southwestern natural resources: Proceedings of the symposium; 1988 November 15-17; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-191. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 234-240.

Harrington, Michael G.; Sackett, Stephen S. 1992. Past and present fire influences on Southwestern ponderosa pine old growth. In: Kaufmann, Merrill R.; Moir, W. H.; Bassett, Richard L., technical coordinators. Old-growth forests in the Southwest and Rocky Mountain regions: Proceedings of a symposium; 1992 March 9-13; Portal, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-213. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 44-50.

Harris, Gary R.; Covington, W. Wallace. 1983. The effect of a prescribed fire on nutrient concentration and standing crop of understory vegetation in ponderosa pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 501-507.

Heidmann, L. J. 1988. Regeneration strategies for ponderosa pine. In: Baumgartner, David M.; Lotan, James E., compilers. Ponderosa pine: The species and its management: Symposium proceedings; 1987 September 29 - October 1; Spokane, WA. Pullman, WA: Washington State University, Cooperative Extension: 227-233.

Herman, F. R. 1950. Survival of fire-damaged ponderosa pine. Research Note Number 119. Tucson, AZ: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southwestern Forest and Range Experiment Station. 3 p.

Hirsch, K.G., M.M. Pinedo, and J.M. Greenlee. 1996. An international collection of wildland – urban interface resource materials. Canadian Forest Service, Northwest Region, Northern Forestry Centre. Information Report NOR – X – 344. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northwest Region, Northern Forestry Centre, 5320 – 122 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6H 3SH.

Horton, Scott P.; Mannan, R. William. 1988. Effects of prescribed fire on snags and cavity-nesting birds in southeastern Arizona pine forests. Wildlife Society Bulletin 16: 37-44.

How Can We Live With Wildland Fire? 1997. The University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. California Communities Program, Wildland Fire Issue, Human & Community Development Department, University of California, 1 Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616 – 8523. Available online at http://www.ccp.ucdavis.edu/pubs/ccp_nri.html 5/23/03.

Illg, Cathy; Illg, Gordon. 1994. The ponderosa and the flammulated. American Forests 100(3&4): 36-37, 58.

Johnson, Marlin A. 1997. Changed Southwestern forests: resource effects and management remedies. Forest Ecology Working Group Session, Society of American Foresters National Convention, Albuquerque, New Mexico, November. 9-13, 1996. Available on-line at http://www.fs.fed.us/r3/resources/forestry/source_info/gen_forestry/1996_paper.pdf
4/14/03.

Jacobson, S.K. and S.B. Marynowski 1996. Public attitudes and knowledge about ecosystem management on Department of Defense land in Florida. Conservation Biology 11(3):770 – 781.

Johnson, Terrell H.; Wauer, Roland H. 1996. Avifaunal response to the 1977 La Mesa Fire. In: Allen, Craig D., ed. Fire effects in Southwestern forests: Proceedings, 2nd La Mesa fire symposium; 1994 March 29-31; Los Alamos, NM. RM-GTR-286. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 70-94.

Kaib, Mark; Baison, Christopher H.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1996. Fire history in the gallery pine-oak forests and adjacent grasslands of the Chiricahua Mountains of Arizona. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 253-264.

Kallander, Harry. 1969. Controlled burning on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, Arizona. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1969 April 10-11; Tallahassee, FL. No. 9. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 241-249.

Keane, Robert E.; Arno, Stephen F.; Brown, James K. 1990. Simulating cumulative fire effects in ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forests. Ecology 71(1): 189-203.

Laven, R. D.; Omi, P. N.; Wyant, J. G.; Pinkerton, A. S. 1980. Interpretation of fire scar data from a ponderosa pine ecosystem in the central Rocky Mountains, Colorado. In: Stokes, Marvin A.; Dieterich, John H., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the fire history workshop; 1980 October 20-24; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-81. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 46-49.

Lowe, Philip O.; Ffolliott, Peter F.; Dieterich, John H.; Patton, David R. 1978. Determining potential wildlife benefits from wildfire in Arizona ponderosa pine forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-52. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p.

Lynch, Dennis L.; Romme, William H.; Floyd, M. Lisa. 2000. Forest restoration in southwestern ponderosa pine. Journal of Forestry 98(8): 17-24.

Lynch, Donald W. 1959. Effects of a wildfire on mortality and growth of young ponderosa pine trees. Res. Note No. 66. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.

Madany, Michael H.; West, Neil E. 1980. Fire history of two montane forest areas of Zion National Park. In: Stokes, Marvin A.; Dieterich, John H., technical coordinators. Proceedings of the fire history workshop; 1980 October 20-24; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-81. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 50-56.

Maguire, William P. 1956. Are ponderosa pine cone crops predictable? Journal of Forestry 54: 778-779.

Manfredo, M.J., M. Fishbein, G.E. Haas, and A.E. Watson. 1990. Attitudes Toward Prescribed Fire Policies. Journal of Forestry July 1990:19 – 23.

Martin, Robert E.; Anderson, Hal E.; Boyer, William D.; [and others]. 1979. Effects of fire on fuels: A state-of-knowledge review. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 64 p. [Prepared for: National fire effects workshop; 1978 April 10-14; Denver, CO].

Mast, Joy Nystrom; Fule, Peter Z.; Moore, Margaret M.; [and others]. 1999. Restoration of presettlement age structure of an Arizona ponderosa pine forest. Ecological Applications 9(1): 228-239.

Mast, Joy Nystrom; Veblen, Thomas T.; Hodgson, Michael E. 1997. Tree invasion within a pine/grassland ecotone: an approach with historic aerial photography and GIS modeling. Forest Ecology and Management 93: 181-194.

Mast, Joy Nystrom; Veblen, Thomas T.; Linhart, Yan B. 1998. Disturbance and climatic influences on age structure of ponderosa pine at the pine/grassland ecotone, Colorado Front Range. Journal of Biogeography 25: 743-755.

Moir, William H. and J.H. Dieterich. 1988. Old-growth ponderosa pine from succession in pine-bunchgrass forests in Arizona and New Mexico. Natural Areas Journal 8(1): 17-24.

Moir, William H., B. Geils, M.A. Benoit, and D. Scurlock. 1997. Ecology of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Forests. Pages 3-27 in Block, William M. and D.M. Finch, tech. ed. Songbird ecology in southwestern ponderosa pine forests: a literature review. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-292. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 152 p. Available online at http://www.gffp.org/pine/ecology.htm

Pase, Charles P. and Pond, Floyd W. 1964. Vegetation changes following the Mingus Mountain burn. Res. Note RM-18. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Paysen, Timothy E.; Ansley, R. James; Brown, James K.; [and others]. 2000. Fire in western shrubland, woodland, and grassland ecosystems. In: Brown, James K.; Smith, Jane Kapler, eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on flora. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-volume 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 121-159. Available online at http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/rmrs_gtr42_2b.pdf 5/23/03.

Pearson, H. A.; Davis, J. R.; Schubert, G. H. 1972. Effects of wildfire on timber and forage production in Arizona. Journal of Range Management 25: 250-253.

Peterson, D.L., S.S. Sackett, L.J. Robinson, and S.M. Haase. 1994. The effects of repeated prescribed burning on Pinus ponderosa growth. International Journal of Wildland Fire 4:239-247.

Plevel, S.R. 2000. Fire Policy at the Wildland – Urban Interface: A Local Responsibility. Journal of Forestry 95(10):12 – 15.

Protecting Your Home from Wildfire. 1994. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. Available online at http://www.firewise.org/pubs/protect/ 5/28/03.

Rardin, Kevin. Fire Education Resources Information System: FERIS. A Descriptive Model. ERIC Microfiche: ED164964.

Rothermel, Richard C. 1972. A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fuels. Res. Pap. INT-115. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 40 p.

Sackett, S. S.; Haase, S. M. 1991. Predicting forest floor weights indirectly. In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Potts, Donald F., eds. Proceedings, 11th annual conference of fire and forest meteorology; 1991 April 16-19; Missoula, MT. SAF Publication 91-04: Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: 382-386.

Sackett, Stephen S. 1979. Natural fuel loadings in ponderosa pine and mixed conifer forests of the Southwest. Res. Pap. RM-213. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 10 p.

Sackett, Stephen S. 1980. Reducing natural ponderosa pine fuels using prescribed fire: two case studies. Res. Note RM-392. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 6 p.

Sackett, Stephen S. 1984. Observations on natural regeneration in ponderosa pine following a prescribed fire in Arizona. Res. Note RM-435. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.

Sackett, Stephen S.; Haase, Sally M. 1996. Fuel loadings in Southwestern ecosystems of the United States. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 187-192.

Sackett, Stephen S.; Haase, Sally M. 1998. Two case histories for using prescribed fire to restore ponderosa pine ecosystems in northern Arizona. In: Pruden, Teresa L.; Brennan, Leonard A., eds. Fire in ecosystem management: shifting the paradigm from suppression to prescription: Proceedings, Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1996 May 7-10; Boise, ID. No. 20. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 380-389.

Sackett, Stephen S.; Haase, Sally M.; Harrington, Michael G. 1996. Lessons learned from fire use for restoring southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems. In: Covington, Wallace; Wagner, Pamela K., technical coordinators. Conference on adaptive ecosystem restoration and management: restoration of Cordilleran conifer landscapes of North America: Proceedings; 1996 June 6-8; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-278. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 54-61.

Sackett, Stephen; Haase, Sally; Harrington, M. G. 1993. Restoration of southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems with fire. In: [Editors unknown]. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-247. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 115-121.

Sanyal, N. 1998. A Study of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group Fire Prevention, Education, and Communications Working Team. Department of Resource Recreation and Tourism, University of Idaho. Contribution #795 of the Idaho Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, Moscow, ID.

Saveland, James M.; Bunting, Stephen C. 1988. Fire effects in ponderosa pine forests. In: Baumgartner, David M.; Lotan, James E., compilers. Ponderosa pine: the species and its management: Symposium proceedings; 1987 September 29 - October 1; Spokane, WA. Pullman, WA: Washington State University, Cooperative Extension: 125-131.

Schroeder, Mark J.; Buck, Charles C. 1970. Fire weather...a guide for application of meteorological information to forest fire control operations. Agricultural Handbook 360. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 229 p.

Seklecki, Mariette T.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1996. Fire history and the possible role of Apache-set fires in the Chiricahua Mountains of southeastern Arizona. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 238-246.

Servis, Steve; Boucher, Paul F. 1999. Restoring fire to southwestern ecosystems: is it worth it? In: Gonzalez-Caban, Armando; Omi, Philip N., tech. coords. Proceedings of the symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: bottom lines; 1999 April 5-9; San Diego, CA. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-173. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 247-253.

Shelby, B. and R.W. Speaker. 1990. Public attitudes and perceptions about prescribed burning. In J.S. Walstad, S.R. Radosevich, and D.V. Sandberg (Eds.). Natural and prescribed fire in Pacific Northwest forests. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press. pp. 253 – 260.

Shindler, B. 1997. Public Perspectives on Prescribed Fire and Mechanical Thinning. Technical Notes from the Blue Mountains Natural Resource Institute. BMNRI – TN – 9. On – line at http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/bmnri/pubs/tn9.pdf.

Short, Hardy, Dayle C. Short, and C. Brant. 1995. Fire, Death, and Rebirth: A Metaphoric Analysis of the 1988 Yellowstone Fire Debate. Western Journal of Communication 59(2):103 – 25.

Smith, J.K. (Ed.). 2000. Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Fauna. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS – GTS – 42 – vol. 1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 83 pp. On – line at: http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/rmrs_gtr42_1.html.

Steele, Nancy – L.C. and Keeley, Jon E. 1991. Chaparral & Fire Ecology: Role of Fire in Seed Germination. American Biology Teacher 53(7):432 – 435.

Stein, Steven J. 1988. Explanations of the imbalanced age structure and scattered distribution of ponderosa pine within a high-elevation mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 25: 139-153.

Stein, Steven J. 1988. Fire history of Panusaugunt Plateau in southern Utah. The Great Basin Naturalist 48(1): 58-63.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy. 1989. The natural and unnatural fire history of southwestern ponderosa pine. Women in Natural Resources 11(1): 12-16.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Covington, W. Wallace; Andariese, Steve. 1991. A model of ponderosa pine growth response to prescribed burning. Forest Ecology and Management 44(2-4): 161-173.

Swetnam, Thomas W. 1990. Fire History and climate in the southwestern United States. In: Krammes, J.S., technical coordinator. Effects of Fire Management of Southwestern Natural Resources. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-191, pp. 6-17.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; C.D. Allen, and J.L. Betancourt. 1999. Applied historical ecology: Using the past to manage for the future. Ecological Applications 9: 1189-1206.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; Baisan, Christopher H. 1996. Fire histories of montane forests in the Madrean Borderlands. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 15-36.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; Baisan, Christopher H. 1996. Historical fire regime patterns in the Southwestern United States since AD 1700. In: Allen, Craig D., ed. Fire effects in Southwestern forests: Proceedings, 2nd La Mesa fire symposium; 1994 March 29-31; Los Alamos, NM. RM-GTR-286. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 11-32.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; Baisan, Christopher H.; Brown, Peter M.; Caprio, Anthony C. 1989. Fire history of Rhyolite Canyon, Chiricahua National Monument. Tech. Rep. No. 32. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, School of Renewable Natural Resources, Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. 47 p.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; J.L. Betancourt. 1990. Fire–southern oscillation relations in the southwestern United States. Science 249: 1017-1020. [12106]

Swetnam, Thomas W.; J.L. Betancout. 1998. Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climatic variability in the American Southwest. Journal of Climate 11: 3128-3147.

Swetnam, Thomas W.; Dieterich, John H. 1985. Fire history of ponderosa pine forests in the Gila Wilderness, New Mexico. In: Lotan, James E.; Kilgore, Bruce M.; Fisher, William C.; Mutch, Robert W., technical coordinators. Proceedings, symposium and workshop on wilderness fire; 1983 November 15-18; Missoula, MT. General Technical Report INT-182. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 390-397.

Taylor, J.G. and R.W. Mutch. 1986. Fire in Wilderness: Public Knowledge, Acceptance, and Perception. Ogden, UT: National Wilderness Research Conference, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. INT – 212.

Taylor, J.G. and T.C. Daniel. 1984. Prescribed fire: Public education and perception. Journal of Forestry 82: 361 – 365.

Taylor, J.G., H.J. Cortner, P.D. Gardner, T.C. Daniel, M.J. Zwolinksi, and E.H. Carpenter. 1986. Recreation and Fire Management: Public Concerns, Attitudes, and Perceptions. Leisure Sciences 8(2):167 – 187.

Touchan, Ramzi; Allen, Craig D.; Swetnam, Thomas W. 1996. Fire history and climatic patterns in ponderosa pine and mixed conifer forests of the Jemez Mountains, northern New Mexico. In: Allen, Craig D., ed. Fire effects in Southwestern forests: Proceedings, 2nd La Mesa fire symposium; 1994 March 29-31; Los Alamos, NM. RM-GTR-286. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 33-46.

Touchan, Ramzi; Swetnam, Thomas W.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D. 1995. Effects of livestock grazing on pre-settlement fire regimes in New Mexico. In: Brown, James K.; Mutch, Robert W.; Spoon, Charles W.; Wakimoto, Ronald H., technical coordinators. Proceedings: symposium on fire in wilderness and park management; 1993 March 30 - April 1; Missoula, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 268-272.

USDA Forest Service. 2002. The Process Predicament: How Statutory, Regulatory, and Administrative Factors Affect National Forest Management. Online at http://www.fs.fed.us/projects/documents/Process-Predicament.pdf

Veblen, Thomas T.; Kitzberger, Thomas; Donnegan, Joseph. 2000. Climatic and human influences on fire regimes in ponderosa pine forests in the Colorado Front Range. Ecological Applications 10(4): 1178-1195.

Weaver, Harold. 1951. Fire as an ecological factor in the southwestern ponderosa pine forests. Journal of Forestry 49(2): 93-98.

Weaver, Harold. 1951. Observed effects on perennial grasses of prescribed burning tests in ponderosa pine. Arizona Cattelog 6(6): 24-29.

Weaver, Harold. 1952. A preliminary report on prescribed burning in virgin ponderosa pine. Journal of Forestry 50: 662-667.

Weaver, Harold. 1968. Fire and its relationship to ponderosa pine. In: Proceedings, California Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1967 November 9-10; Hoberg, CA. Number 7. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 127-149.

White, Alan S. 1985. Presettlement regeneration patterns in a Southwestern ponderosa pine stand. Ecology 66(2): 589-594.

White, Carleton S. 1991. The interaction of prescribed fire, monoterpenes, and soil N-cycling processes in a stand of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa). In: Nodvin, Stephen C.; Waldrop, Thomas A., eds. Fire and the environment: ecological and cultural perspectives: Proceedings of an international symposium; 1990 March 20-24; Knoxville, TN. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-69. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station: 138-144.

Wildfire Protection: A Guide for Homeowners and Developers. 1990. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Region, 324 25th Street, Ogden, UT 84401.

Wolf, Joy J.; Mast, Joy Nystrom. 1998. Fire history of mixed-conifer forests on the North Rim, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. Physical Geography 19(1): 1-14.

Wyant, James G.; Laven, Richard D.; Omi, Phillip N. 1983. Fire effects on shoot growth characteristics of ponderosa pine in Colorado. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 620-625.

Wyant, James G.; Omi, Philip N.; Laven, Richard D. 1986. Fire induced tree mortality in a Colorado ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir stand. Forest Science 32(1): 49-59.

Wyant, James G.; Zimmerman, G. Thomas. 1984. Factors contributing to postfire tree mortality in central Rocky Mountain forests. In: New forests for a changing world: Proceedings of the 1983 Convention of The Society of American Foresters; 1983 October 16-20; Portland, OR. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: 271-275.

Zucca, Carol. 1995. Forest Fire Ecology. Science Teacher. 62(5):23 – 25.

Zwolinski, Malcolm J. 1996. Effects of fire on montane forest ecosystems. In: Ffolliott, Peter F.; DeBano, Leonard F.; Baker, Malchus, B., Jr.; [and others], tech. coords. Effects of fire on Madrean Province ecosystems: a symposium proceedings; 1996 March 11-15; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-289. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 55-63.

Last edited May 28, 2003

Go to top

 
NAU's Program in Community, Culture and Environment Northern Arizona University